10 Countries Where You Can Study and Observe Great Architecture

10 Countries Where You Can Study and Observe Great Architecture

If  you are yearning to create something that will be around for generations to come, you may want to consider a degree in Architecture.  While a degree in Architecture can be very challenging, it will ultimately prepare you for a respected and lucrative profession doing meaningful work.  You will also find it to be a profession that will always be in demand.  

The study of Architecture is interesting and varied and combines practical skills with academic study.  In order to become an architect, it requires both a Bachelor’s and Master’s degree.  In addition to the formal academic study, you will be required to undertake a certain amount of practical experience before qualifying as a licensed architect.

The study of architecture can be particularly interesting if you are studying in a grand city shaped by its buildings and surroundings.  

We have gathered a list of ten destinations that are worth considering:  


Berlin is home to some of the world’s finest architecture.  The city is layered in history and definitely gets its wonderful atmosphere from its buildings.  If you have ever been to Berlin and have walked the city, you will notice that many buildings in Berlin are not just buildings; they are political statements as well.  In the 1920’s, Berlin was an area full of new and  radical ideas in Architecture.  Prominent architects such as Bauhaus, Alvar Aalto, and Le Corbusier all left their own distinct imprint on the city’s urban fabric.  After the city’s complete devastation from the ravages of World War II, competing ideologies in Germany ultimately resulted in a division of Germany and a bordering wall between East Berlin and West Berlin.  When the wall came down in the 1990’s, post-modernists such as Richard Rogers, Frank Gehry, and Aldo Rossi were invited to bring the city into the 21st century. 

Suggested Architecture program in Berlin: Universität der Künste Berlin


Rome overflows with treasures for architectural buffs.  Over the centuries, the city has adapted to almost every architectural style including the Classical, Romanesque, Gothic, and Renaissance movements. In fact, Rome is one of the biggest centers of 17th-century Baroque architecture.  Perfect examples of this dramatic and opulent style include St. Peter’s Square, Santi Luca e Martina and the Trevi Fountain.  Roman architecture also abounds in this city as witnessed by the Colosseum, the Aqueducts, the Pantheon, Temple of Vesta, Vatican and Baths of Caracalla.

Suggested Architecture program Rome: Università degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza”


Athens is home to some of the world’s greatest cultural monuments, some dating back to 448 B.C. Some examples include the Parthenon, the Temple of Poseidon, and the Temple of Olympian Zeus. When strolling through the city it is easy to feel like you have traveled back in time.  Athens has a lot to offer beyond the monuments as well.  There are many distinguished buildings scattered throughout the city and most of them were built before the 20th century in the neoclassical style.  The downtown area is full of great old buildings and churches. There are also many examples of Art Deco apartment buildings, and beautiful examples of Art Nouveau wrought iron. You may notice some amazing old buildings from the early part of the century that are in the process of being renovated.

Suggested Architecture program Athens: National Technical University of Athens


Barcelona is an architectural wonder. In fact, many say that the architecture alone in Barcelona is an attraction in and of itself. The 19th century Catalan architect, Antoni Gaudi, wanted to create organic, urban spaces in the city he loved.  He is known for his multi-colored tile-style which is present at Park Güell and Casa Batlló. Additionally, the La Sagrada Familia was also designed by Gaudi, but he died before he could complete it. When you first encounter the La Sagrada Familia or his rooftop sculptures at La Pedrera, you’ll be astonished by the originality and eclectic quality of Gaudi’s works.  Even for those who are unfamiliar with architecture or Gaudí, once you have seen one of his buildings, you will intuitively be able to identify others as you walk throughout the city.   

Suggested Architecture program Barcelona: La Salle Campus Barcelona


Paris, also known as the “City of Lights,” has some of the most interesting architecture in the world. Great examples include  the Eiffel Tower, the Louvre Pyramid, La Grande Arche de la Defense, Center Georges Pomidou, the Arch de Triomphe and the Sacre Coeur Basilica. In addition, the Notre Dame Cathedral is a great example of French Gothic architecture.  A budding architect is bound to get lost in the city while enjoying the architectural delights.

Suggested Architecture program Paris: ECOLE SPÉCIALE ESA


The city of St. Petersburg, Russia is known for it’s colorful and eclectic style, ranging from Baroque style buildings to the Neoclassical. As the Rococo movement made its way across Europe, it was especially favored by female rulers, such as Catherine I and Empress Elizabeth in St. Petersburg, Russia.  Rocco elements include thick curves, pale colors and light hearted secular themes.

Suggested Architectural program St. Petersburg Russia: Saint Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering


Budapest’s unique blend of old and modern makes the city an architectural paradise. Many buildings in Budapest were commissioned to celebrate the Millennium, such as the Underground Railway, Heroes’ Square, Parliament Building, Liberty Bridge and the Museum of Fine.  An architectural buff will find many types of architectural throughout Budapest from Gothic, Turkish, Renaissance, Baroque & Neo-Baroque to Art Nouveau.  In fact, Art Nouveau was very popular in Budapest during the late 19th century to early 20th century. The city is one of the best places to see the Art Nouveau architectural style today. The Art Nouveau style is known for its curving forms, organic shapes, use of iron and glass, and colorful flourishes. Examples include the Gresham Palace, Hotel Gellért and spas, Museum of Applied Arts, and Budapest Zoo and Botanical Garden.

Suggested Architectural program Budapest: Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Faculty of Architecture


Oxford is well known for its architectural beauty and  the city’s center has an outstanding collection of world famous buildings.  There are many well preserved medieval gems, as well as many in the classical and modern types of architecture. Some of Oxford’s greatest buildings include St. George’s Tower, Christ Church Cathedral, New College, Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Radcliffe Camera, and the lovely Magdalen College to name a few. This compact city is home to some of the outstanding architecture in the world.

Suggested Architecture program Oxford: Oxford Brooks University, Department of Architecture

Czech Republic

Czech Republic architecture is well-known in the world today for its rich history and diversity. The country’s architecture has adapted to almost every architectural style, from the Gothic castles, bridges, and churches from the age of Emperor Charles IV in the 14th century; the Baroque palaces of the Habsburg Monarchy; the Art Nouveau and neo-historical styles of 19th-century townhouses; and the internationally renowned quality of Czech cubist and functionalist architecture of the 20th century. Prague, for example, has at one building or monument that was designed in almost every style of European architecture.

Suggested Architecture program Czech Republic: Czech Technical University Prague, Faculty of Architecture


Florence, much like Athens, is truly a city of the past.  Renaissance architecture was first developed in Florence in the 15th century. The buildings in Florence expressed a new sense of light, clarity, and spaciousness and served as an inspiration to architects throughout Italy and Western Europe. One of the most impressive pieces of architecture in Florence is the Florence Cathedral.  The cathedral is so big that it took over 140 years to complete.

Suggested Architecture program in Florence: Florence Institute of Design

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